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Glossary of Investment Terms

 

Q

 

Qualified Retirement Plan (QRP)

 

A tax-deferred plan established by an employer for employees under 1954 IRS rules. Such plans typically provide for employer contributions and may also allow employee contributions. They build up savings, which are paid out at retirement or on termination of employment. The employees pay taxes only when they draw the money out. When employers make payments to such plans, they receive specified deductions and other tax benefits.

 

 

 

Qualitative analysis

 

An analysis of the qualities of a company that cannot be measured concretely, such as management quality or employee morale.

 

 

 

Quick Ratio

 

Indicator of a company's financial strength (or weakness). Calculated by taking current assets minus inventories, divided by current liabilities. This ratio provides information regarding the firm's liquidity and ability to meet its financial obligations. Also called the Acid Test Ratio.

 

 

 

Quiet Period

 

Period an issuer is "in registration" and subject to an SEC prohibition on promotional publicity. It dates from the pre-underwriting decision to 40 or 90 days after the effective date.

 

 

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